Presocratic Thought An analysis of Presocratic thought presents some difficulties. Even these purportedly verbatim words often come to us in quotation from other sources, so it is difficult, if not impossible, to attribute with certainty a definite position to any one thinker. Presocratic thought marks a decisive turn away from mythological accounts towards rational explanations of the cosmos. Indeed, some Presocratics openly criticize and ridicule traditional Greek mythology, while others simply explain the world and its causes in material terms.
And now, yet another apocalyptic film is set to be released. Doomsday prophecies are as old as recorded time. Prophecies of the end of times stem from the mythologies of civilizations past: Though these civilizations are all thousands of years in the past, the same fear that drove them to make these myths—the fear of the unknown—continues to haunt the human race today.
Supposedly, the earliest prediction of the end of the world came from the Assyrians, a powerful Mesopotamian culture that lasted for roughly two thousand years. A tablet was found dating back to sometime between and BCE that bears the first known prophecy of the end of days.
According to the translation, it claims that the earth was in its final days in those years, and that the world was slowly deteriorating into a corrupt society that would only end with its destruction.
Though it is not known who wrote this inscription, and where specifically the tablet came from, it is a fervent example of how far back in human history apocalyptic prophecies world began.
An Assyrian Tablet from BC bears the first Ancient greek beliefs of religion and prophecy of the end of the world. Assyrian Tablet from Nineveh, northern Iraq. The British Museum In Norse mythology, Ragnarok is a series of apocalyptic events that will define the end of the world, where giants of frost and fire will together fight the gods in a final battle that will ultimately destroy the planet, submerging it under water.
According to the legend, the world will resurface, the surviving and returning gods will meet, and the world will be repopulated by two human survivors. The Norse apocalyptic battle, Ragnarok. Most, if not all, prophets claimed that preceding the enormous battle would be the Rapture, where the purest of humankind would be removed from the Earth before the battle between Christ and the Anti-Christ.
The expectation of this event and the fear of what would happen to humankind during it called for various people from numerous religious and ethnical backgrounds to try to predict the event so those alive could prepare for what they believed was an inevitable end, and so those soon to be born could be taught to live a pious life to survive such an ending.
The belief in Armageddon and the Rapture primarily stems from the Bible and biblical translators and interpreters, however the cryptic and symbolic language used in the text creates quandaries about the appropriate date and time of the so-called Second Coming.
Four Horsemen of Apocalypse, by Viktor Vasnetsov.
Wikimedia Commons It was also feared for a long time that the year AD would be the end of the world. Y2K created the same type of millennia fear, as it was assumed that the '00 of would be misread in computers as and create a bug that would force all technology to fail, causing worldwide confusion and tremendous destruction.
New millennia, years ending in '99, and the beginning of new centuries have all been subject to doomsday prophecies in the past, and the present era is no exception to that.
Uncertainties about the future continue to plague the human race, such as the recent belief that cataclysmic events would transpire on or around 21 Decembera date regarded as the end-date of a 5,year-long cycle in the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar.
Mayan calendar on parchment. BigStockPhoto More recently, there has been a doomsday theory put forward in relation to the four blood moons appearing in the twelve months between April and Septemberwhich are said to be an indication of the end because such an occurrence is so rare.
It is clear that fear is the driving factor behind the prophecies of doomsday throughout human history. The effort of mapping out the future—when the end will come, how the end will come, and who will survive it—is, and has always been, an attempt to outsmart circumstances that are not within human control and cannot be within human control.Ancient Greece Gods.
Religion was important to the ancient Greeks because they believed that it would make their lives better while they were living. They also believed the gods would take care of them when they died. Click here for a list of the Greek Gods. Ancient Greek Skepticism. Although all skeptics in some way cast doubt on our ability to gain knowledge of the world, the term "skeptic" actually covers a wide range of attitudes and positions.
In the ancient Greek world, religion was personal, direct, and present in all areas of life. With formal rituals which included animal sacrifices and libations, myths to explain the origins of mankind and give the gods a human face, temples which dominated the urban landscape, city festivals and.
Thesmophoria: Thesmophoria, in Greek religion, ancient festival held in honour of Demeter Thesmophoros and celebrated by women in many parts of the Greek world. The meaning of the name Demeter Thesmophoros still remains a matter of disagreement, although a possible translation is “bringer of treasure or wealth,”.
Ancient Greek Philosophy. From Thales, who is often considered the first Western philosopher, to the Stoics and Skeptics, ancient Greek philosophy opened the doors to a particular way of thinking that provided the roots for the Western intellectual tradition. The ancient Chinese religion of Taoism is not entirely distinct from Confucianism or Chinese folk religion, for all Chinese religion and philosophy operate within the same ancient worldview.