For a united Russia! The Russian Civil War tore Russia apart during a three-year period, from and These groups included monarchists, militarists, and, for a short time, foreign nations. Collectively, they were known as the Whites while the Bolsheviks were known as the Reds.
Formation of the Red Army[ edit ] Main article: Red Army From mid onwards, the Russian Armythe successor-organisation of the old Russian Imperial Armystarted to disintegrate;  the Bolsheviks used the volunteer-based Red Guards as their main military force, augmented by an armed military component of the Cheka the Bolshevik state-security apparatus.
The Bolsheviks appointed political commissars to each unit of the Red Army to maintain morale and to ensure loyalty.
In Junewhen it had become apparent that a revolutionary army composed solely of workers would not suffice, Trotsky instituted mandatory conscription of the rural peasantry into the Red Army.
White movementRevolutionary Insurrectionary Army of UkraineAllied intervention in the Russian Civil WarPro-independence movements in Russian Civil Warand Left-wing uprisings against the Bolsheviks While resistance to the Red Guard began on the very day after the Bolshevik uprising, the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk and the instinct of one party rule became a catalyst  for the formation of anti-Bolshevik groups both inside and outside Russia, pushing them into action against the new regime.
A loose confederation of anti-Bolshevik forces aligned against the Communist government, including landowners, republicansconservatives, middle-class citizens, reactionariespro-monarchistsliberalsarmy generals, non-Bolshevik socialists who still had grievances and democratic reformists voluntarily united only in their opposition to Bolshevik rule.
Their military forces, bolstered by forced conscriptions and terror  and by foreign influence and led by Gen. Denikin, became known as the White movement sometimes referred to as the "White Army" and controlled significant parts of the former Russian Empire for most of the war.
A Ukrainian nationalist movement was active in Ukraine during the war. More significant was the emergence of an anarchist political and military movement known as the Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine or the Anarchist Black Army led by Nestor Makhno.
The Black Army, which counted numerous Jews and Ukrainian peasants in its ranks, played a key part in halting Gen. The remoteness of the Volga Regionthe Ural RegionSiberia and the Far East was favorable for the anti-Bolshevik forces, and the Whites set up a number of organizations in the cities of these regions.
The Czechoslovak Legions had been part of the Russian army and numbered around 30, troops by October They had an agreement with the new Bolshevik government to be evacuated from the Eastern Front via the port of Vladivostok to France.
The transport from the Eastern Front to Vladivostok slowed down in the chaos, and the troops became dispersed all along the Trans-Siberian Railway. Under pressure from the Central Powers, Trotsky ordered the disarming and arrest of the legionaries, which created tensions with the Bolsheviks.
The Western Allies armed and supported opponents of the Bolsheviks. Hence, many of these countries expressed their support for the Whites, including the provision of troops and supplies. Winston Churchill declared that Bolshevism must be "strangled in its cradle". After the treaty, it looked like much of that material would fall into the hands of the Germans.
There were violent clashes with troops loyal to the Bolsheviks. The German Empire created several short-lived satellite buffer states within its sphere of influence after the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk: Finland was the first republic that declared its independence from Russia in December and established itself in the ensuing Finnish Civil War from January—May The Second Polish RepublicLithuaniaLatvia and Estonia formed their own armies immediately after the abolition of the Brest-Litovsk Treaty and the start of the Soviet westward offensive in November Geography and chronology[ edit ] In the European part of Russia the war was fought across three main fronts: It can also be roughly split into the following periods.
Already on the date of the Revolution, Cossack Gen. Kaledin refused to recognize it and assumed full governmental authority in the Don region,  where the Volunteer Army began amassing support.Crush the Bolshevik hydra or paint Mother Russia red!
Revolution Under Siege is a simultaneous turn based historical wargame that puts you in charge of one of the factions that fought the Russian Civil War .
The Russian Civil war was basically inevitable, which the leaders of the Bolshevik party was aware of - which was a leading reason as to why the Bolshevik party left the First World War, as they.
Read, Christopher, From Tsar to Soviets: The Russian People and their Revolution, –21 (New York: Oxford University Press, ), is an exemplary one-volume history of both the revolution and civil war. The Russian Revolution The Russian Revolution is dated to November (October on the Russian • Civil war, between Bolshevik (“red”) and anti-Bolshevik (“white”) forces, sweeps Russia from to Around 15 million die in conflict and the famine.
In response, the Russian Civil War broke out in the summer of that year and would last well into A Note on the Russian Calendar Until February , Russia used the Julian calendar, while the Western world used the Gregorian calendar in use today.
The Second Russian Civil War was a conflict that broke out in May in Russia, later spreading into the rest of Eastern Europe and Central Asia, between the Russian Communists and Russian Monarchists. Tensions rose extremely following the State Duma elections, in .