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However much debate has ensued as to the defining factor which caused its eventual accomplishment. There are two controversial theories which both attempt to shed light on this all important topic. Firstly there is the Eric Williams Decline Thesis found in his work Capitalism and Slavery in which he attributes the rise and decline of slavery not as an act of racial and religious control but suggests that slavery was mainly driven by economics.
He continued that any racial sentiments occurred as a result of this economical system and the main reason why slavery was abolished was because it was no longer profitable to the British economy.
He posits that slavery was still very profitable at the time of its abolition and that Britain suffered many losses due to their humane actions. This is due to the reality that at the time of abolition, sugar was quickly becoming a forgotten product in the British Empire, as a result of the industrial revolution.
It is only logical to assume that the metropole would seek alternative means of acquiring wealth. This then led to the subsequent collapse of the slave system as the collapse of the sugar industry, the formation of new plantations outside of the West Indies and various actions taken by the House of Lords and Capitalists in Britain all would have impacted the economic viability of the British West Indian Slave Institution leading to its eventual collapse.
British Slavery in the Era of Abolition. University of North Carolina Press, Firstly one must look at the affairs which existed.
It is important to note that during the period preceding emancipation there was a great deal of social unrest there. The Haitian revolution essentially placed hope within the minds of the enslaved for this subsequently facilitated a barrage of rebellions namely an uprising in Barbados in This rebellion signified a change in the general attitude of the enslaved towards planters as they were now willing to openly oppose the mistreatment meted out to them by the whites since Haiti proved that the whited were not invincible and could be beaten.
There was also action taking place within the European continent itself as humanitarians strengthened their efforts in the plight of emancipating the slaves. Groups such as the Clapham Sect were fundamental in raising awareness of the harsh and inhumane treatment which the enslaved were subjected to.
Abolitionists such as Thomas Clarkson worked tirelessly in creating pamphlets and essays which highlighted the inhumane treatment and conditions which the slaves endured.
Meanwhile, the British West Indies was in bad shape as sugar production was receiving stiff competition from plantations in Brazil and Cuba and there was also the dawn of beet sugar which supplied the European market an alternative to British West Indian cane sugar at cheaper prices.
The industrial revolution ensured that there were cheaper and more efficient means by which the English monarchy could acquire wealth. Eric Williams certainly gives the most logical explanation of the defining factor which affected the end of slavery and there is a magnitude of research and work related to the topic to support this done by various historians including Williams, Ragatz and Selwyn Carrington.
They all indicate that the economic frailty of the British West Indian plantation system was the main cause affecting the decline of the slave system. Throughout their research they have arrived at defining components which have influenced my decision in supporting the Decline Thesis of Dr.
Eric Williams as they appear more logical when compared to the works of Seymour Drescher, Stanley Engerman, David Eltis and Thomas Haskell where its suggest slavery collapsed due to the actions of the humanitarian movement and was still economically viable at the time of abolition.
Firstly it is important to note that sugar and slavery are continuously linked in terms of West Indian history. Therefore a decline in the demand of sugar would have led to a decline in the demand for slaves.
This was evident during the late 18th and early 19th century as advancements in British industry and the expansion of sugar plantations in Brazil and Cuba meant that sugar was slowly declining and becoming a burden to the British economy.
This meant that young and old entrepreneurs were seeking alternative means of acquiring wealth which as the trade in slaves was gradually becoming irrelevant as well, since a decline in sugar meant a decline in the profitability of the slave trade.
When British Capitalism depended on the West Indies, they ignored slavery or defended it.
When British capitalism found the West Indian monopoly a nuisance, they destroyed West Indian slavery as a 7 first step in the destruction of the West Indian monopoly. When West Indian Sugar was profitable the capitalists in Britain championed its cause however as it slowly became a burden to the British economy the Capitalists were quick to champion the cause of abolitionists as economically it did not suite the interests of Great Britain.
As he posited that using the very statistics Eric Williams employed in his Decline Thesis there was a noted decline in the profitability of sugar and slavery indicated in the period to the rate of British Trade was equivalent to the rate of British Trade in which suggested that West Indian Sugar production was on its way up.
Oxford University Press, pg. However these were usually attributed to external factors such as the Haitian Revolution and had little to do with the efficiency of the British West Indian Plantation Society. When America liberated itself from British imperialism in it economically crippled the West Indies sugar plantation as America served as the means by which the Caribbean colonies acquired goods essential for the maintenance of the plantation.
As noted historian Dr. This resulted in devastation in the West Indies not only because they were unable to receive the essentials of survival which they required but they no longer were able to engage in trade with the American Continent.
This meant that the colonies were not only over producing but had lost a crucial export partner hence crippling the West Indian Plantation Society Drescher strongly disagrees with this point as he posits that whilst the loss of America was significant in terms of the provision of supplies to the British colonies, he noted there was no real change in the quantity traded by the British islands when comparing the years to Randle Publishers, pg.
Cambridge University Presspg. Cambridge University Press, pg. Competition from plantations in Asia and neighbouring Caribbean countries such as Cuba and Puerto Rico and the development of Beet sugar within Europe all proved to be detrimental to the West Indian sugar market.
This can be attributed to some very simple factors, there was more land available in Asia and Brazil to commence large scale plantations as well as the fact that the land within traditional British West Indian sugar colonies had become exhausted via centuries of overuse The dawn of these cheaper more efficient alternatives to West Indian Sugar meant that the plantations in the West Indies were at a severe disadvantage as it was cheaper to purchase sugar from plantations in India and Brazil which produced sugar in greater quantity and of greater quality This essentially led to the collapse of the West Indian Sugar Market and subsequently the slave trade as plantations in the British West Indies could no longer rely upon Britain to purchase their produce.Decline thesis abolition debate to how to put bibliography in research paper.
We felt abolition thesis decline debate like the case of positive youth development is the study of adolescence and youth.
The characteristics of psychological structure is considered a favorable light, in this model. The Decline Thesis of British Slavery since Econocide Seymour Drescher* PART ONE: THE DECLINE THESIS AND ITS OPPONENTS Appearing in , Capitalism and Slavery was a .
The parliamentary decline thesis formed the dominant theory and narrative of legislative behaviour and capacity during the 20th century. And yet in analytical terms the thesis provides a. Debate decline thesis eric williams Powered by PerimeterX, Inc.
Steven Pinker’s book The Better Angels Of Our Nature is the gold standard in this debate. Until now, that is. Now, after four years, I’ve finally figured the show out. The Office is not a random series of cynical gags aimed at momentarily alleviating the existential despair of low-level srmvision.com is a fully realized theory of management that falsifies % of the business section of the bookstore.
Selwyn H. H. Carrington, The Sugar Industry and the Abolition of the Slave Trade, Gainesville, FL: University of Florida Press, xxii + pp. $ (cloth), ISBN: Reviewed for srmvision.com by David Richardson, Department of History, University of Hull.