The confidence intervals all straddle 1.
With less than 36 hours left ofI am confident that this article by Sarah Knapton in the Telegraph will win the title. This should not be a surprise. We have a pretty good understanding of what the toxic components of cigarette smoke are that cause all the damage, and most of those are either absent from e-cigarette vapour or present at much lower concentrations.
The question is whether it is safer than smoking. Now, nothing is ever set in stone in science. If new evidence comes along, we should always be prepared to revise our beliefs.
The paper it was based on is this onepublished in the journal Oral Oncology. The first thing to notice about this is that it is all lab based, using cell cultures, and so tells us little about what might actually happen in real humans.
But the real kicker is that if we are going to compare vaping and smoking and conclude that they are as harmful as each other, then the cell cultures should have been exposed to equivalent amounts of e-cigarette vapour and cigarette smoke.
The paper describes how solutions were made by drawing either the vapour or smoke through cell media. This is what the paper says: The cigarette smoke was applied at a much lower intensity, because otherwise it killed the cells altogether.
So how can you possibly conclude that vaping is no worse than smoking, when smoking is so harmful it kills the cells altogether and makes it impossible to do the experiment? And yet despite that, the cigarettes still had a larger effect than the vaping. It is also odd that the results for cigarettes are not presented at all for some of the assays.
Well, there is the question of dose. All it tells us is that cigarettes do far more damage to cell cultures than e-cigarette vapour does. And make no mistake: It is perfectly clear that, whether or not vaping is completely safe, it is vastly safer than smoking.
Maybe some of those smokers will then go on to die a horrible death of lung cancer, which could have been avoided had they switched to vaping.
But the number of people who wrongly believe that vaping is as harmful as smoking is worrying. The growth of this false perception risks discouraging many smokers from using electronic cigarettes to quit and keep them smoking instead which would be bad for their health and the health of those around them.The FDA’s new tobacco strategy aims to reduce the addictiveness of combustible cigarettes while recognizing and clarifying the role that potentially less harmful tobacco products could play in.
Smoking cause and effect Essay. There are several effects and causes of smoking; The first cause of smoking which is Nicotine is an addictive and harmful substance contained in cigarettes. Harmful Effects of Smoking to Your Body essaysHarmful Effects of Smoking to Your Body Smoking has many negative effects and is very bad for a body.
There are many harmful things in cigarettes like nicotine.
Some people experience a personality change which may include a lack of confidence. C. Adolescence (from Latin adolescere, meaning 'to grow up') is a transitional stage of physical and psychological development that generally occurs during the period from puberty to legal adulthood (age of majority).
Adolescence is usually associated with the teenage years, but its physical, psychological or cultural expressions may begin earlier and end later. Nicotine is highly addictive and harmful.
It is normally smoked in cigarettes but can lead to further drugs misuse also. Find out what nicotine does to the heart, lungs, arteries, and brain of an. Learn more about the symptoms and overall effects of smoking on the body below.
Tobacco smoke is incredibly harmful to your health. There’s no safe way to smoke.